Château de Versailles. The Palace of Versailles, or simply Versailles, is a royal château in Versailles, in France's Île-de-France region. In French, it is known as the Château de Versailles. When the château was built, Versailles was a country village; today, however, it is a suburb of Paris, some twenty kilometers southwest of the French capital. Versailles is therefore famous not only as a building, but as a symbol of the system of absolute monarchy of the Ancien Régime.